Top engineering specialisations in the world

Top engineering specialisations in the world

Top engineering specialisations in the world: -
Engineering is one of the most popular courses in the world as every year it attracts millions of aspirants from across the globe.One of the key factors behind it is a wide range of career opportunities in automotive and energy sectors. Engineering is one of the top courses among students planning to study abroad. The USA attracts the highest number of international students with approximately 9,00,000 students out of which almost 20% are pursuing engineering. Besides the USA, Germany is another country which has made headways in the engineering education field with nearly 50% of international students engaged in STEM-related studies.

Most of the international students choose to go for the top engineering specialisations to contribute to the growth of their country in terms of technology, lifestyle and new inventions. Choices in the engineering domain vary from country to country depending upon the market demand and current circumstances in the country. Apart from that salary is also a major factor that attracts students toward top engineering specialisations in the world. Average salary for an engineer in the USA is $50,000 for an Aeronautical Engineer; in UK it is around $46846.38 (USD) and in Australia it is around $28,406.80 USD. Further, salary packages vary as per requirement of the engineers in their specialisations. 

Although engineering has always been a priority for the majority of students,  it is also an expensive specialisation to study in every country. Earlier, studying abroad was limited to financially capable families but this trend has become popular even among the middle class families, especially from developing countries. Scholarships offered by universities are helping a large number of international students to study in their dream institutions abroad. As per Harvard University, close to 60% of their undergraduates receive Harvard Scholarship.

Below is a list of the top engineering specialisations in the world:

Aerospace Engineering: - Aerospace Engineering is designed for the students who want to build their career around aircraft and spacecraft manufacturing and design. This specialisation course is designed to educate candidates in understanding technology of aircraft to develop, design, test and maintain them appropriately. Aeronautical Engineering is majorly divided into two sub-domains such as aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering. Some of the top engineering colleges in the world for Aerospace Engineering:

 

Top engineering specialisations in the world

Rank

University

Country

1

University of Oxford

United Kingdom

2

California Institute of Technology

United States

3

Stanford University

United States

4

University of Cambridge

United Kingdom

5

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

United States

6

Harvard University

United States

7

Princeton University

United States

8

Imperial College London

United Kingdom

9

ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich

Switzerland

10

University of California, Berkeley

United States

Source: THE rankings

 

Civil engineering: - Civil engineering is designed for professionals who are interested in design and infrastructure. It deals with design, construction and maintenance of buildings, roads, bridges etc. Civil engineering is divided into multiple disciplines in order to hire specifically trained engineers for related problems such as architectural engineering, environmental engineering, structural engineering, construction engineering etc. Civil engineering is the key to understanding problems related to infrastructure with physical and scientific principles. The duration of the study is from three to five years which may vary as per universities.

 

Top ten universities for Civil Engineering

THE Ranking

University

Country

1

University of Oxford

United Kingdom

3

Stanford University

United States

4

University of Cambridge

United Kingdom

5

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

United States

7

Princeton University

United States

8

Imperial College London

United Kingdom

9

ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich

Switzerland

10

University of California, Berkeley

United States

14

University of California, Los Angeles

United States

15

University College London

United Kingdom

Source: THE rankings

 

Energy engineering: - One of the top engineering specialisations in the world,Energy program is a very broad field with multiple disciplines. This field is designed to understand the energy and environmental sources to increase their efficiency of work in order to provide a healthy environment to the people and better outcome while using less energy sources. Petroleum Engineering, Plant Engineering, Environmental and alternative Energy Technologies, Energy Services are the sub-domains of Energy Engineering.

 

Computer Engineering: - Computer science engineering is a systematic and scientific study to understand computation, design, structure, principles and theories of computer.  The field of computer science is vast and has many sub-disciplines such as Computer graphics, Computer Theory, Programming Languages, Operating system, Software testing etc. Computer software engineers develop, design and test software. Computer hardware engineers are trained to understand the technology of computer and glitches to fix it effectively. There are other specialities of  computer engineers such as coding, cryptography, information protection to develop security system and rectify flaws.

 

Top ten universities for Computer Engineering

Rank

University

Country

1

University of Oxford

United Kingdom

2

California Institute of Technology

United States

3

Stanford University

United States

4

University of Cambridge

United Kingdom

5

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

United States

6

Harvard University

United States

7

Princeton University

United States

8

Imperial College London

United Kingdom

9

ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich

Switzerland

10

University of California, Berkeley

United States

Source: THE rankings

 

Agricultural engineering: - Agriculture engineering, as the name suggests, is a discipline that educates students about technology and science that applies to agriculture. It is a combined study of mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering principles. A large number of engineers work in government agencies or private engineering firms which help government in agriculture domain.

 

Top ten universities for Agricultural Engineering

THE Ranking

University

Country

6

Harvard University

United States

9

ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich

Switzerland

10

University of California, Berkeley

United States

17

Johns Hopkins University

United States

19

Cornell University

United States

22

University of Toronto

Canada

25

University of Washington

United States

33

University of Melbourne

Australia

36

University of British Columbia

Canada

36

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

United States

Source: THE rankings

 

Entry requirements for the top engineering specialisations in the world: - Universities abroad invite application for multiple programmes. In USA, many universities allow admissions throughout the year. However, they require you to apply a year earlier. You can apply with a resume, letter of recommendation, personal essay, English Proficiency Test score (such as IELTS, TOEFL) and application (eligibility criteria vary between universities) whenever you complete your academic year.

In UK, many universities require students to submit a DBS check (criminal record) with English proficiency test score to apply. They also do not allow you to change your subject, for example- most mathematics courses require a previous study of mathematics. Universities of United Kingdom also require students to submit personal statement/essay with application.

Once your application gets selected and you receive a call letter, you can apply for student visa which requires you to submit English Proficiency Test scores if your native language is not English.

 

Top universities and Undergraduate course fee

Rank

University

Country

Fee

1

University of Oxford United Kingdom

United Kingdom

£15,755 - £23,190

2

California Institute of Technology United States

United States

$68,901.00

3

Stanford University United States

United States

$63108*

4

University of Cambridge United Kingdom

United Kingdom

£29,217*

5

Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States

United States

$48,452.00

6

Harvard University United States

United States

$46816*

7

Princeton University United States

United States

$47,220.00

8

Imperial College London United Kingdom

United Kingdom

£ 27,750.00

9

ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich

Switzerland

CHF 580 /semester

10

University of California, Berkeley

United States

$21584.25/ semester

Source: THE rankings

 

Average salary scale for top engineering specialisations across countries

Course

Average Salary in top countries

USA

UK

Australia

Aerospace engineers

$59,012 - $134,342USD

£22,056 - £54,834

AU$57,831 - AU$122,254

Civil engineering

$47,402 - $96,336

£20,806 - £49,331

AU$50,323 - AU$109,322

Energy engineering

$51,072 - $97,592

£19,415 - £48,961

NA

Computer science

$56,166 - $125,774

£24,228 - £56,496

AU$49,292 - AU$100,933

Source- Payscale

 

Stay tuned to www.studyabroad.careers360.com  for more news and updates on Top engineering specialisations in the world 

First Published On : 30 Oct 2015 03:37 PM IST
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